Manage your diabetes
Diabetes is a chronic disease; it can be managed and controlled. That control will help the patients live an active, healthy and normal life, and at the same time reduces the risk of developing long term complications.
1. Healthy Eating:
Diet is the cornerstone of diabetes treatment because food raises blood sugar levels. People with diabetes do have the same nutritional needs as anyone else; they need a well-balanced diet based on body weight with adequate amounts of carbohydrates, protein and healthy fat. What they need to do additionally is control the quantity and the time the meals are eaten.
2. Physical activity:
Being active throughout the day help the patients stay healthy, utilize insulin better and burn calories all at the same time
Some things patients are encouraged to try to increase the amount of activity during their regular day:
- Take the stairs instead of the elevator
- Play actively with the kids
- Carry things upstairs in two trips instead of one
- Park at the far end of the shopping center and walk to the store
- Walk instead of drive whenever possible
3. Self Monitoring of Blood Glucose:
Self Monitoring Blood Glucose (SMBG) is a very important tool to help control blood sugar. Keeping blood sugar within the target range given by the doctor will help in controlling diabetes.
Diabetes management targets
|What to do||Targets|
|Check blood glucose before meal||90 -130 mg/dl|
|Check blood glucose 2 hrs after meal||< 180|
|Check HbA1C||Below 7%|
|Check blood pressure||Below 130/80 mmHg|
|LDL cholesterol||Below 100 mg/dl|
|HDL cholesterol||Men: above 40 mg/dl
Women: above 50mg/dl
|Triglycerides||Below 150 mg/dl|